SAP ABAP stands for Advanced Business Application Programming language. It is a 4th generation language. So we also write SAP as SAP ERP/4 ,Since SAP ABAP is designed to reduce the time of the humans in interacting with computer. It is a programming language which gets closer than the third generation languages like C, C++, JAVA, etc to human language. It is more of conceptualizing language. SAP ABAP was designed to create the reports and screens. Later it became a complete language itself. It reduces the total time and cost of software development.
The entire SAP ERP software is developed using one single programming language which is ABAP. ABAP is case-insensitive language and it always terminates with a period.


There are lot of SAP modules to meet requirement of various scenarios in the business.
The main modules are :

SAP FICO – Financial Accounting and Controlling
SAP SD — Sales and Distribution
SAP MM – Material Management
SAP PP — Production Planning
SAP QM – Quality management
SAP PM – Production Management
SAP PS – Project Systems
SAP PM – Plant Systems
SAP HR — Human Resources
SAP SRM – Supply Relation Management
SAP SCM — Supply Chain management


SAP Consultants :

Generally , SAP consultants can be categorized as follows:

1. Functional Consultants 🙁 Business Consultants):

SAP functional consultants are the ones who have functional knowledge of the product. They will know the end to end business process and how to implement that in the product. They mainly work on the business scenarios and brainstorm whether it is feasible to get the same business functionality using the product.

2. Technical Consultants :

They can be either Programming consultants or Networking consutants

a. Programming consultants:

SAP Technical consultants are those people who are good at technical knowledge of the product. They work on ABAP language to build new screens, do modification to the screen, change the code or add more code to customize the product according to the customers’ needs. They also help to build new reports according to business scenarios.

b. Networking consultants (BASIS) :

SAP Networking consultants are those who work on the administration part of the product. They help to install the product. They will create ids and passwords. They will configure the product according to business needs. They will give access and permission to user ids. They might have to revoke the access based on the requirement.



SAP ABAP consultants would be doing following roles based on the requirements

1. He would be understanding the requirement of the clients and map it with the product.
2. He will come up with the gap analysis and understand what is already there in the product and what needs to be added or removed according to the requirement of the product.
3. He will estimate number of business hours required to complete the requirement
4. He will do the actual development of the requirement.
5. He will perform the unit testing.
6. He will release the developed product into the testing server
7. He will make the product go into live environment

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