Lets know a little about the SAP Fiori. About it is, where it is applied and the role and relevance of it in the field of business.

SAP Fiori introduction :

It is a new browse based user interface. Instead of logging into the regular ERP system, via the SAP GUI , Fiori can be used.It gives a great framework for most of the common application patterns.
SAP announced SAP Fiori in the year 2013 and it was released in 2014. There is no need to be on S/4 HANA in order to get into SAP Fiori. SAP customer will need no licence to access to Fiori.
SAP Fiori supports HTML5 and also can be used on any device ( mobile or tablet) .It is Responsive and adaptive for practicality reason. Because of this reason it is great addition to the regular SAP GUI access. It cannot be a replacement for SAP GUI, but it is a great addition to the GUI.
It also supports multiple operating systems : Window, IOS and Android.

Why SAP Fiori was evolved:

In the year 2015, SAP launched SAP Fiori. Before 2015 user were using SAP GUI user interface. It was very complex. It was designed for smaller, medium scale industries. Aslo, Users have to undergo multiple processes, in order to achieve simple tasks. It was not user friendly. It was unresponsive and extremely inflexible. Aslo, cost to set up the right kind of GUI was extremly expensive. Hence SAP Fiori came into Existence.

What is SAP FIORI?

SAP Fiori is a new user experience for SAP Software, which provides a set of applications that are used in regular business functions.
Features :
1. It provides all business roles in real-time
2. It is possible to shuffle between multiple devices since Apps are based on UI5
user interface
3. It will also support lot of languages. It is multi-language support system.

SAP Fiori Architecture :

User use their mobile devices or laptops to interact with SAP floor. What is Sap Web dispatcher? Well it is the first point of contact in any SAP Fiori architecture for any end users. These web browser requests defines if a system to accept or reject the request and it will also help in navigating the request. From there the request will go to ABAP front end server which contain SAP net weaver. SAP ABAP Net weaver contains all the UI components. It also includes central UI components. These UI components includes central UI add-ons and library and Launchpad. Net weaver gateway is used to set up a connection between SAP business suite and target clients, platforms and frameworks. For SAP ABAP backend server is used to in the business logic. Trusted RFC is used to communicate between the SAP ABAP front end and back end servers. Any required data is taken from database that is available and connected.
In case of the fact sheet the data doesn’t traverse through the front end server, rather it goes via search models and straight on to the backend servers. In order to match the data is taken from the database. In this case the database is restricted to SAP HANA.
For analytical Apps data comes from HANA database through HANA access Engine. This engine contains Fiori App content and virtual data model reuse content which is provided though database.

Fiori Launchpad:

Fiori Launchpad is known as the entry point to Fiori apps system on mobile and desktop devices, SAP FIORI Launchpad contains various tiles in Fiori system.
It is the homepage of Fiori. There are two ways in which Fiori can be lanched.
1. Via direct URL in the web browser
2.Login to SAP system using transaction called /ui2/flp/ in ERP system
It will look something like a mobile lanchpad. Fiori administrator can set up default lanchpad based on the user roles. Suppose you are a purchasing agent you will get all the tiles in the fiori relatted to purchasing. If there is another customer who is accountant will see different fiori tiles. Everyone have flexiblity to add or delete Fiori tiles based on your requirement. You can personalise the launchpad based on your requirement.

SAP Fiori Apps :

There are three types of Apps for these tiles :
1.Transactional APPs( Create, changing, Display,)
They are used to perform transactional tasks
a. It can be deployed with any database but works best with SAP HANA database
b.Run SAP transactions on mobile device as well as desktops and laptops

2.Analytical Apps ( Visual display like charts, Metrics, Graphical display)
These are used to provide role-based real time information about business operations
a.Integrate the power of SAP HANA with SAP business suite
b.Monitor complex calculations
c.Use virtual data models for process data

3.Factual Apps: ( Fact sheets, any kind of facts or infomation, Product sheet)
It is used to drill the key information and contextual information in business operations
a.Navigate from one fact sheet to another related fact sheet
b.Navigate to transactional apps
c.Integration with geographical maps
d.Run only on SAP HANA database and require ABAP stack

The Apps can be dynamic or static base
Static App : It will not change at any point. The number on the tile will be static always .
Dynamic App: It will change based on the changes on the number.
The number on the tile keeps changing based on the facts and information changes.


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